NEWSLETTER W3C Kantoor Benelux - Bureau W3C Bénélux - Benelux W3C Office

May/June – mai/juin – mei/juni 2008

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Workshop report: Role of Mobile Technologies in Fostering Social Development

Workshop attendee clip2008-06-30: Today W3C publishes a report on the June 2008 Workshop on the Role of Mobile Technologies in Fostering Social Development. Participants discussed how numerous available services on mobile phones could help people in underserved regions. Discussion underlined the need for a concerted effort among all the stakeholders (including practitioners, academics, regulators, and mobile industry) to build a shared view of the future of the mobile platform as a tool to bridge the digital divide. The Workshop was jointly organized by W3C and, with the generous support of UNDP and Fundacion CTIC (Gold Sponsors), Opera Software and (Silver sponsors). This work takes place under the European Union's 7th Research Framework Programme (FP7), part of Digital World Forum project. Learn more about the W3C Mobile Web for Social Development Interest Group and the W3C Mobile Web Initiative.

Incubator Group to Evaluate Common Web Language (CWL) in Practice

2008-06-24: W3C is pleased to announce the creation of the Common Web Language (CWL) Evaluation and Installation Incubator Group, sponsored by W3C Members Institute of Semantic Computing (ISeC), (Japan) National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Keio University, and JustSystems Corporation. The group's mission is to examine the the Common Web Language in real Web environments using the pilot model of the CWL platform. CWL is a graphic language of semantic network with hyper node and is used to describe contents and meta-data of web pages in three different type of form such as UNL, CDL and RDF. The CWL platform allows people to input CWL using natural languages and display information written in CWL in natural languages. Using this CWL platform, the CWL will be evaluated from multilingualism, semantic computing and semantic web points of view. Read more about the Incubator Activity, an initiative to foster development of emerging Web-related technologies. Incubator Activity work is not on the W3C standards track.

W3C Invites Implementations of RDFa in XHTML: Syntax and Processing (Candidate Recommendation); Primer Updated

2008-06-20: The Semantic Web Deployment Working Group and XHTML2 Working Group have published a Candidate Recommendation of RDFa in XHTML: Syntax and Processing. Web documents contain significant amounts of structured data, which is largely unavailable to tools and applications. When publishers can express this data more completely, and when tools can read it, a new world of user functionality becomes available, letting users transfer structured data between applications and web sites, and allowing browsing applications to improve the user experience. RDFa is a specification for attributes to be used with languages such as HTML and XHTML to express structured data. See the groups' RDFa implementation report. The Working Groups also updated the companion document RDFa Primer. Learn more about the Semantic Web and the HTML Activity.

XHTML 1.1 Basic; Modularization Are Proposed Recommendations

2008-06-12: The XHTML2 Working Group published two Proposed Recommendations today: XHTML Modularization 1.1 and XHTML Basic 1.1. The former provides a means for subsetting and extending XHTML, a feature needed for extending XHTML's reach onto emerging platforms. This specification is intended for use by language designers as they construct new XHTML Family Markup Languages. This second version of this specification includes several minor updates to provide clarifications and address errors found in the first version. It also provides an implementation using XML Schemas. This version of XHTML Basic, which uses the Modularization approach, has been brought into alignment with the widely deployed XHTML Mobile Profile from the Open Mobile Alliance (OMA). XHTML Basic 1.1 will thus make it easier to author Web pages that work on millions of mobile handsets. Comments on these specifications are welcome through 15 July. Learn more about the HTML Activity.

XML Signature Syntax and Processing (Second Edition) Is a W3C Recommendation

2008-06-10: The XML Security Specifications Maintenance Working Group has published the W3C Recommendation of XML Signature Syntax and Processing (Second Edition). This document specifies XML syntax and processing rules for creating and representing digital signatures; the list of changes from the First Edition is available. The Working Group also published a Group Note Test Cases for C14N 1.1 and XMLDSig Interoperability, which specifies test cases for Canonical XML 1.1 and XML Signature Syntax and Processing, Second Edition. Learn more about the Security Activity.

Web Applications Working Group Launched; Compound Document Formats rechartered

2008-06-09: W3C launched a new Web Applications (WebApps) Working Group, co-Chaired by Art Barstow (Nokia) and Charles McCathieNevile (Opera Software). This group merges the former Web APIs and Web Application Formats Working Groups. Per the charter for the Web Applications Working Group, the group's mission is to provide specifications that enable improved client-side application development on the Web, including specifications both for application programming interfaces (APIs) for client-side development and for markup vocabularies for describing and controlling client-side application behavior. W3C also rechartered the Compound Document Formats (CDF) Working Group, to continue to develop specifications which combine selected existing document formats from the W3C and elsewhere, and which specify the runtime behavior of such combined documents. Both groups will conduct their work in public. The first order of business of the rechartered CDF Working Group is to propose Chair candidates to the Director; please contact Doug Schepers with proposals. Learn more about the Rich Web Clients Activity.

New eGovernment Activity to Help Improve Government through Better Use of the Web

Crowd scene

2008-06-03: W3C launches today a new forum for governments, citizens, researchers, and other stakeholders to investigate how best to use Web technology for good governance and citizen participation. "Open Standards, and in particular Semantic Web Standards, can help lower the cost of government, make it easier for independent agencies to work together, and increase flexibility in the face of change," said Tim Berners-Lee, W3C Director. W3C invites participation in the new eGovernment Interest Group, which is open to the public. The group will identify best practices and guidelines in this area, document where current technology does not adequately address stakeholder needs, and suggest improvements via the standards process. Read the W3C eGovernment FAQ and press release, and learn more about the W3C eGovernment Activity.

W3C Advisory Committee Elects Advisory Board

2008-06-02: The W3C Advisory Committee has filled six open seats on the W3C Advisory Board. Created in 1998, the Advisory Board provides guidance to the Team on issues of strategy, management, legal matters, process, and conflict resolution. Beginning 1 July, the nine Advisory Board participants are Jean-FranÃois Abramatic (ILOG), Ann Bassetti (The Boeing Company), Jim Bell (HP), Don Deutsch (Oracle), Eduardo Gutentag (Sun Microsystems), Steve Holbrook (IBM), Ken Laskey (MITRE), Ora Lassila (Nokia), and Arun Ranganathan (Mozilla Foundation). Steve Zilles continues as interim Advisory Board Chair. Read more about the Advisory Board.

W3C Launches Group to Help Bridge the Digital Divide

Phone bikes2008-05-27: As part of the growing set of W3C initiatives related to social development, W3C invites participation in the new Mobile Web for Development (MW4D) interest Group, chartered to explore the potential of mobile technology to help bridge the digital divide. "We need to solve important challenges, such as lack of standards in end-user devices, network constraints, service cost, issues of literacy, and an understanding of the real information needs of rural communities," said Ken Banks,, who Chairs the group. "To do so requires an multidisciplinary approach, a step we take through the creation of this new group." Read more in the press release. This launch is part of W3C's Mobile Web Initiative (MWI), which aims to identify and resolve challenges and issues of accessing the Web when on the move. This work takes place under the auspices of the European Union's 7th Research Framework Programme (FP7), part of the Digital World Forum project.

W3C Invites Implementations of CSS Namespaces Module (Candidate Recommendation)

2008-05-23: The Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) Working Group has published the Candidate Recommendation of CSS Namespaces Module. This CSS Namespaces module defines the syntax for using namespaces in CSS. It defines the @namespace rule for declaring the default namespace and binding namespaces to namespace prefixes, and it also defines a syntax that other specifications can adopt for using those prefixes in namespace-qualified names. Learn more about the Style Activity. (Permalink)

XML Security Working Group to Take Next Steps on XML Signature, Encryption

2008-05-21: W3C is pleased to announce the creation of the XML Security Working Group, whose mission is to evaluate and act on recommendations from the September 2007 Workshop on XML Signature and XML Encryption regarding next steps for XML Security specifications. The group's deliverables include new work on XML Signature Syntax and Processing and XML Encryption Syntax and Processing, as well as maintenance of related specifications. Frederick Hirsch (Nokia) will Chair the group, with Thomas Roessler (W3C) as Team Contact. Learn more about the W3C Security Activity. (Permalink)

W3C Invites Implementations of XQuery and XPath Full Text 1.0 (Candidate Recommendation); Requirements and Use Cases Drafts Available

2008-05-16: The W3C XML Query Working Group and the W3C XSL Working Group jointly published today a Candidate Recommendation of XQuery and XPath Full Text 1.0. This document defines the syntax and formal semantics of XQuery and XPath Full Text 1.0 which is a language that extends XQuery 1.0 [XQuery 1.0: An XML Query Language] and XPath 2.0 [XML Path Language (XPath) 2.0] with full-text search capabilities. Implementors are encouraged to run the groups' test suite and report their results. The Groups also published Working Drafts of XQuery and XPath Full Text 1.0 Requirements and Use Cases. Learn more about the XML Activity. (Permalink)

Canonical XML Version 1.1 Is a W3C Recommendation

2008-05-02: The XML Core Working Group has published the W3C Recommendation of Canonical XML Version 1.1. Canonical XML Version 1.1 is a revision to Canonical XML Version 1.0 to address issues related to inheritance of attributes in the XML namespace when canonicalizing document subsets, including the requirement not to inherit xml:id, and to treat xml:base URI path processing properly. Canonical XML Version 1.1 is applicable to XML 1.0 and defined in terms of the XPath 1.0 data model. It is not defined for XML 1.1. As a Recommendation, this is a stable document and may be used as reference material or cited from another document. Learn more about the Extensible Markup Language (XML) Activity. (Permalink)

Product Modelling Incubator Group to Identify Basic Ontology for Product Modelling

2008-05-01: W3C is pleased to announce the creation of the Product Modelling Incubator Group, sponsored by W3C Members TNO, POSC-Caesar Association, and Fraunhofer. Per the charter, the SWOP and S-TEN projects, with the POSC Caesar Association, believe that it is possible to define a small core of basic classes and properties for product modelling. This "product core" could be the basis of the ontologies defined by the two projects, and for many other application ontologies. This core could help the development of Web ontologies derived from existing international standards, such as IFC, STEP and ISO 15926. The XG has been proposed to work on this core set. Read more about the Incubator Activity, an initiative to foster development of emerging Web-related technologies. Incubator Activity work is not on the W3C standards track. (Permalink)